What Are Information Technologies?
Information technologies are a process that uses a combination of means and methods of collecting, processing, and transmitting data to obtain new quality information about the state of an object, a process, or a phenomenon. Information technology aims to get information for analysis by people and, based on this, decisions to act.
The introduction of a personal computer in the information field and also telecommunications means marked a new stage in the development of information technologies. Modern information technology is information technology with a “friendly” user interface using personal computers and also telecommunications equipment. To new information technology remains based on the following basic principles.
Many computer programs remain used as computer tools: word processing systems, publishing systems, spreadsheets, database management systems, electronic calendars, information systems for functional purposes.
Features Of Information Technology:
User operation in data manipulation mode (without programming). The user does not have to know and remember but sees (output devices) and acts (input devices).Features Of Information Technology
Transversal information support in all phases of information transfer, supported by an integrated database that offers a unique opportunity to collect, search, display, update and protect information.
Dematerialize processing of the document, in which only the final version of the paper document remains recorded. The intermediate versions and the necessary data recorded on the medium are delivered via the PC screen.
Interactive task-solving mode (dialog) with a wide range of possible uses.
Collective creation of a document from a group of computers connected by communication.
Adaptive processing of the form and presentation of information in the problem-solving process.
Types Of Information Technology
The main types of information are as follows.
Information technologies for data processing stay designed to solve well-structured problems whose solution algorithms are known and for which all the necessary input data is available. This technology remains applied to the proficiency level of low-skilled personnel to automate specific routine and repetitive administrative tasks.
Information technology management remains intended for the information service of all employees of companies in connection. With the acceptance of administrative decisions. The information is usually present in regular or special management reports and contains information about the company’s past, present, and also possible future.
The Automat Office Information Technology
Although, The automat office information technology remains intended to complement the existing communication system of company staff. Office automation includes the organization and support of communication processes both within the company and the external environment based on computer networks. And also other modern information transfer and processing methods.
Information technologies for decision support stay designed to develop a management decision made as to the result of an iterative process involving a decision support system (a computer connection and object management) and also a person (the management connection, which defines the input data evaluates the result).
The calculation of expert systems remains based on the use of artificial intelligence. Expert systems enable managers to obtain expert advice on any problem that has accumulated in these systems.
Definition Of Information
Information technology refers to telecommunications equipment and also computers (computers) for the transmission, processing, and storage of data. The concept covers specific issues in the areas of IT, electronics, and telecommunications.
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